Through our new partner 'Oriental' we offer Asian products directly from growers in Asia, such as the Bonsai plants. We are happy to tell you more about the Bonsai.
What is a Bonsai?
Bonsais are shaped and grown as an image carrier of the beauty of nature. Literally translated, Bonsai means: plant in a pot. Bonsai trees are largely grown in the Far East and is meant to evoke the image of an old tree. The tray it is planted in gives balance to the whole composition. Bonsai trees are therefore always older trees.
How to keep your Bonsai healthy?
Bonsai trees can be shaped from many different types of trees, each with their own specific wishes and needs. Don’t hesitate to ask for more information and take into account the main idea of this description. There is a major difference between sub-tropical species which are used as indoor Bonsai trees in Europe and the indigenous types or types from similar climate zones; those are known as outdoor Bonsai trees. Indoor Bonsai trees are used to a constant temperature, while outdoor ones need the seasons for their rest and growth periods.
Your Bonsai is a living tree. All trees need moisture to survive and to grow. Not enough water will dry out the leaves and with long-lasting drought, even the sap will dry out. Too much water on the other hand will cause the roots in the tray to rot, weakening the tree. Water your Bonsai when the soil starts to dry out and do not water it again until the tree has absorbed the water (under normal conditions, that is around once every two days). Always make sure the root ball fully absorbs the water; the residual water will drip out of the pot through the bottom.
Easy care system
The easy care system consists of 3 parts: the ceramic decorative pot, a water-proof reservoir and the pot in which to grow the Bonsai with a lowered part allowing the tree to absorb the water from the reservoir. The system is clean, water-proof and allows you to enjoy your Bonsai without having to water it all the time. Water the Bonsai’s soil until the reservoir is full and the water meter says OPT. After that, the lowered root and soil will absorb all the water from the reservoir. Do not fill the reservoir again until the heat meter is on the bottom and the soil is dry. When you’re gone on holiday, you can fill the entire pot once or twice to extend the watering period.
Every Bonsai needs certain substances to maintain its systems. The best thing to use is solid or liquid Bonsai fertilizer. Solid fertilizer can be pressed into the soil and dissolved by watering the tree. Liquid fertilizer can be mixed into the water before watering the tree. Use the dosage as indicated on the package. You can also use normal plant fertilizer, but do change the dosage to 60% of the recommended amount. Indoor Bonsai trees grow all year long and need fertilizer all year long. Outdoor Bonsai trees only need food in the growth season, from March to September.
Where to keep your tree
Indoor Bonsai trees are grown in South China and are used to an annual temperature between 12 and 30°C. That makes it perfect to be kept indoors. If the outdoor temperature is higher than 12°C, the Bonsai tree can also be kept outside. Outdoor Bonsai trees can be kept outdoors all year long, even in freezing temperatures. Under temperatures colder than -5°C, we recommend placing the Bonsai out of the sun and wind in a sheltered area.
Bonsai trees need light to grow. Place your Bonsai tree in a light area, if possible in direct sunlight. However, avoid keeping the tree in direct sunlight all day long.
Thanks to its good breeding, this Bonsai tree is in perfect balance. It has the perfect ratio of roots to foliage and the tray was also carefully selected. After a few years of healthy growth, the roots will start to be cramped in the pot, at which point the Bonsai tree can be repotted. This will give you the opportunity to trim the roots, keeping the root ball young and healthy. It is best to repot Bonsai trees in the spring. Remove the tree from the pot and carefully comb the roots to separate them from the pot. You can then trim about 30% of the roots. To really rejuvenate your tree, remove some of the thickest roots. The Bonsai tree can then be returned to its own tray. Put some high-quality, loose soil - mixed with some sharp sand if preferred - in the bottom of the pot and place the tree on top. You can then fill the tray with the same new soil mixture.
Diseases and pests
A healthy Bonsai tree will not suffer from diseases and pests. It may contain aphids or spider mites. Aphids can be recognised by sticky drops, and spider mites give the leaves a slightly spotted, pale colour. Make sure your Bonsai tree is placed in a well-ventilated area. This will prevent any damage from fungi such as mildew. Suitable products to prevent this are available at any garden centre.
How to keep your Bonsai looking perfect?
Every tree has a natural tendency to grow at the ends and shed the oldest leaves or needles from the inside out. For a lovely fine-branched Bonsai tree, you will need to break this tendency. You can easily do so by trimming the tips. The Bonsai tree you have purchased will already have the right shape and size, meaning that all it requires is maintenance trimming. All offshoots that grow outside of the tree’s silhouette can be cut. All offshoots on the branches growing upwards or downwards may also be cut. This will keep your Bonsai tree healthy and keep it in the right shape.
Young branches naturally grow up and take a long time to bend. The branches of your Bonsai tree are bent downwards to create the appearance of an old tree. You can shape your Bonsai tree even more by wiring it. Wrap wires of the appropriate thickness around the branches at a 45-degree angle to bend them into any shape you want. After a while, the branch will grow thicker and the wire will start to squeeze it. At that point, remove the wire.
Your Bonsai tree already has a rich history and was grown with the greatest care and artistry. With the information provided above, you will easily be able to keep your Bonsai tree looking nice and healthy.
Our partner Oriental is MPS A+, GAP and SQ certified. For example, their nursery is heated with residual heat from the E-on and they work very closely with all organisations to allow for a proper import process from Asia.